Painting is one of the earliest forms of creating images where the artists used natural substances to depict their lives or the world they lived in. It started from the existence of cavemen and is still used in the 21st century, but of course with various other techniques and tools. Painting is an art form that uses a pigment, a binder and a substance that holds and spreads he paint. The surface on which artists paint is called the support, which can range from paper to wood.
In this article, we will discuss the different fine art painting techniques that are used by painters.
#1 Pen and Watercolor
It is a method that is used to create effects after drawing the original image. One important aspect is that the ink of the pen should be waterproof, lest it will smudge while brushing. Depending on the pen and the support used, you‘re supposed to wait a couple of minutes before it dries to avoid smudging.
#2 Pen with a wet brush
In this technique, the type of pen used is a water-soluble pen and a brush that is dipped in clean water. Again this technique works the best when the pen used has waterproof ink. For monochrome effect, let the ink dry and go over it using a waterproof brush, which will enhance the effect and give a dewy finish to the painting.
#3 Over-Drawing watercolor
Using a colored pencil on watercolors is a great technique to add details. A sharp pencil is the best tool to add minute details to the painting that creates a crisp edge and adds character. It is also a great start for beginners as it is easier to deal with a pencil than a brush.
#4 Salt and watercolor
When salt is scattered on watercolor paint which is still wet, the salt absorbs the paint, leaving abstract effect to the painting. A coarse salt is much suited for this process, and as the size of the salt crystal increases, so does the absorbing capacity, and hence the effect. This technique can also be used in variation with different types of wetness and different absorbing capacities of the salt.
#5 Glazing colors
If you’ve ever come across a painting which contains a lot of colour and depth, then the painting was mostly created using the glazing technique. Instated of appearing plain, solid and flat, they often impart an inner glow to the painting because multiple layers are topped on one another instead of a single layer of color. The main aspect of this technique is to allow the painting to dry.
#6 Gravity Painting
It is an advanced form of painting with drips that encourage the paint to spread across the support and flow, by tilting and turning your canvas in different directions. You can achieve this effect either by using flow medium paint directly on the canvas or by mixing with different colors in your pallet and then pouring it on the canvas. If you do not like a then end result, you either can wipe it off or repaint on the existing one.